The Marietta Canty House on Mahl Avenue was the home of actress Marietta Canty (1905-1986), who received critical acclaim for her performances in theater, radio, motion pictures, and television as well as her political and social activities. Built c1897, the home was built by developer Frederick Mahl, and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2000.
The African-American community grew significantly during World War I when large numbers of southern blacks were hired to work the tobacco fields and sheds in the state's booming shade tobacco industry. After World War II, the area began to see a growing number of Puerto-Rican families, many of whom came to work the tobacco fields. The sequential change in the ethnic character of the residents of the district is illustrative of social history in Hartford. Original Yankee farmers were followed by Irish, German, Jewish, Black and Hispanic peoples as immigrants found their place in the community and sought upward mobility, often in trying circumstances. A significant portion of the neighborhood today are Latinos who have created a strong community of residents, churches, businesses and institutions.
The SAND Elementary School opened its doors in 2009 as part of the America's Choice model. It serves grades K8. A community library and community resource center housed in the same facility expands the opportunity for educational advancement and sociald evelopment for students, parents and residents alike.
Mary Shepherd Place was formerly known as Bellevue Square. Built in 1942, the development underwent a multi-million dollar overhaul in the late 1990s to include apartments, townhouses and a community building. Families who reside there must pass through a background screening and participate in self-sufficiency training.
The neighborhood is also the site of both Old North and Saint Patrick's cemeteries. Originally called the North Burying Ground, the cemetery was established in 1807 and represents a cross-section of 19th century Hartford society, including Jewish and Italian immigrants, Civil War soldiers and prominent residents (more). Saint Patrick's Cemetery is closely aligned with Saint Peter's Church in Hartford.
The Clay Hill Historic District spans roughly 60 acres of the neighborhood and contains examples of Italianate, Queen Anne and Neo-Classical Revival styles of architecture.
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